Ammonium nitrate rating is non flammable, a fire from ammonium nitrate is very unlikely, but it is a strong oxidizing agent that can cause combustible materials (such as wood, paper, and oil) to ignite. Manufacture of inorganic products. May cause methemoglobinemia. The hazardous substances stored at the plant consisted of ammonia (both cryogenically and under pressure), chlorine Ammonium Nitrate is not in itself combustible but, as it is an oxidising agent, it can assist other materials to burn, even if air is excluded.   You may associate ammonium nitrate with explosives; it's commonly used in safety explosives and pyrotechnics as well as fertilizer. EC Number 229-347-8. Inform laundry personnel of contaminant's hazards. PubChem Substance ID 329752251. Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation. : A676-212; A676-500 CAS-No 6484-52-2 Synonyms Nitric acid ammonium salt (Granular/Certified ACS) Recommended Use Laboratory chemicals. h�bbd``b`z$ � ���:���0 �� �&H� +H�)i�v��y Ŭ 1��|��#��\瀄���$�K�2�,Fj��4? eCl@ss 38060309 . blood), rapid heart rate, unconsciousness and possible death. irritation. due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), rapid heart rate and Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound produced in both solid and liquid form that is commonly used in fertilizers. What happened in Beirut is not a singular occurrence; between 20 and 30 major catastrophic explosions involving ammonium nitrate have been reported since the chemical was first used as … headache, shortness of breath, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin Causes eye irritation. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical that exists in multiple concentrations and physical forms. Target Organs: Blood, respiratory system, eyes, For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300 But not all ammonium nitrate experiments end with a bang. Danger! Synonyms:   May cause methemoglobinemia, which is characterized by   Aluminum bins and wooden bins protected … Although news sources like the New York Times and CNN have described it as a "highly explosive chemical," ammonium nitrate isn't technically classified as an explosive, or even flammable, material. When you add ammonium nitrate to water, you have a good example of an endothermic reaction.   SAFETY DATA SHEET Creation Date 05-Oct-2010 Revision Date 25-Apr-2019 Revision Number 4 1. 1 Reagent Lane chocolate-brown colored blood. Nitric acid, ammonium salt; Norway saltpeter. Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage.   For information, call: 201-796-7100 Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety … cause digestive tract disturbances.   The blending, storage, transport and use of fertilisers is commonplace (source UK.Gov). %PDF-1.7 %���� 229-347-8 Product Code S5102020 Methemoglobinemia is characterized by 1.1 This Guideline covers a single hazardous material – Technical Grade Ammonium Nitrate (TGAN), except where otherwise noted. Ammonium nitrate is stable in solid, molten or in solution. fire or radiant heat). Avoid localized heating of ammonium nitrate, potentially leading to development of high temperature areas. endstream endobj startxref endstream endobj 219 0 obj <>/Metadata 24 0 R/Pages 216 0 R/StructTreeRoot 50 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 220 0 obj <.   It is highly soluble in water; heating of the water solution decomposes the salt to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887. There is an extreme risk that ammonium nitrate involved in a fire may detonate, especially if confined. Linear Formula NH 4 NO 3. breathing), and death. 0 Avoid low pH (acidic) conditions. Ammonium nitrate is classed as an explosive under the UN classification system, which means it is subject to strict controls under the Explosives Act 1875.   Blast puts safety of ammonium nitrate under scrutiny Shipped under the proper guidelines, ammonium nitrate is safe.   blood), rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown blood. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause methemoglobinemia, At the time of the event 4500 tonnes of ammonium sulphate nitrate compound fertilizer (ASN) were stored in the silo. Ammonium nitrate is commonly used as in fertilizer. But there are some critical issues to understand to best protect a facility that stores or handles ammonium nitrate. %%EOF Appearance: white to gray to brown solid. Ammonium nitrate is not flammable under normal applications and is not considered a fire risk, but will support combustion in an existing fire by liberating oxygen – even if smothered. Company Identification: Chronic: Avoid breathing dust. Skin: Ensure that ammonium nitrate is not exposed to strong shock waves from explosives.   The fact sheet offers information for facility management, including: Strong oxidizer.   Ingestion: skin. Ammonium Nitrate is incompatible with, and must be stored away from, tetranitromethane, dichloroisocyanuric acid, trichloroisocyanuric acid, any bromate, chlorate, chlorite, hypochlorite or chloroisocyanurate or any inorganic nitrite. It is principally used as an agricultural fertilizer, in the manufacturing of first aid products (such as cold packs), and explosives used in the mining and construction industries. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound produced in both solid and liquid form that is com - monly used in fertilizers. It … Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. 1.1.1 TGAN is a US Department of Transportation (DOT) Class 5 Oxidizer, Division 5.1, UN1942, PG III material. 218 0 obj <> endobj Contact with other of the blood), convulsions, tachycardia, dyspnea (labored explosive capable of detonation by combustion or by explosion of NACRES NA.21 moisture from the air). Inhalation: Eye: However, as has been highlighted once more by the Beirut incident, ammonium nitrate’s susceptibility to fire and explosion due to poor storage practices or contamination present significant risks. MSDS Name: Ammonium nitrate Only under extreme conditions of heat and pressure in a confined space will ammonium nitrate explode. 242 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<282FBEB5D1E57344BC59FB2975C1F873>]/Index[218 43]/Info 217 0 R/Length 108/Prev 224816/Root 219 0 R/Size 261/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream     Ammonium nitrate when contaminated with oil, The plant and approximately 700 houses nearby were destroyed21. Ammonium nitrate will not explode due to the friction and impact found in normal handling, but it can be detonated under heat and confinement or severe shock. Ammonium nitrate is a colourless crystalline substance (melting point 169.6 °C [337.3 °F]). The genomes of n-DAMO archaea show that they have the potential to couple anaerobic oxidation of methane to dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA). SAFETY DATA SHEET According to 1907/2006/EC, Article 31 Ammonium Nitrate Section 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company / undertaking 1.1 Product Identifier Product Name Ammonium Nitrate Other Names CAS No. Hygroscopic (absorbs May   Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. Due to the corrosive and reactive properties of ammonium nitrate, and to avoid contamination, galvanized iron, copper, lead, and zinc shall not be used in a bin construction unless suitably protected. charcoal, or other organic materials should be considered an It's used in mining operations and fertilizer. Uses advised against Food, drug, pesticide or biocidal product use Details of the supplier of the safety … Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 material may cause a fire. ��` Causes eye, skin, and respiratory tract Nitrate/nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (n-DAMO) is critical for mitigating methane emission and returning reactive nitrogen to the atmosphere. 1.0 SCOPE AND PURPOSE . “Ammonium nitrate is a perfectly safe material,” Richard John Smythe, a chemist with extensive knowledge of explosive materials, told Insider. (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the 260 0 obj <>stream adjacent explosive materials. A new fact sheet published by NFPA, the National Fire Protection Association, provides information about ammonium nitrate safety for business owners and facility managers. cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation Ammonium Nitrate Safety - Whitepaper Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the power to feed billions but also the potential to devastate. shortness, cyanosis (bluish skin due to deficient oxygenation of Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. South Australia's workplace safety watchdog says ammonium nitrate is stored at about 170 locations across South Australia, but that the sites are secure, frequently monitored and pose a low risk. AC423350010, AC423350250, A676-212, A676-500, S75244   Potential Health Effects Ammonium Nitrate Solution Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Fertilizer solution. Destabilization, however, can occur when flames or fire heats the ammonium nitrate causing it to become self-reactive and give off gases that are flammable and can ignite. Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness,   MDL number MFCD00011425. The primary hazard associated with Ammonium Nitrate the potential for explosion.     chocolate-brown colored blood, headache, weakness, dizziness, breath The introduction of a new, spray drying process was one of … Manufacture of specialty fertilizers. Therefore, long-term storage of the material presents safety concerns. Most petitions to the judges made reference to the fact that the ammonium nitrate was dangerous, and some cited the threat it posed to the safety of port employees.   Molecular Weight 80.04 .   Fisher Scientific manufacture of ammonium nitrate/fuel oil explosive used in quarries and civil engineering) and nitrogenous solutions (1,000 t/d). Store in cool place and out of direct sunlight. Evacuate the area in all directions for one (1) mile or more if any amount of ammonium nitrate is involved in a fire. 6484-52-2 Index No. Catalog Numbers: However, it can become less resistant to detonation/initiation due to the presence of contaminants or on exposure to high temperatures (e.g. SAFETY AND SECURITY GUIDELINES FOR AMMONIUM NITRATE . Identified uses SDS # : 311 Synonyms : This safety data sheet applies to the following: SOL19 - Ammonium Nitrate Solution DA190 Inhalation can The explosion killed 507 people and injured 1917. The following can cause ammonium nitrate to become less stable and at … Emergency Number: 201-796-7100 Causes skin irritation. AC205860000, AC205860010, AC205861000, AC205865000, AC423350000, Evacuation is recommended if the initial (incipient) … Numerous safety guidelines are available for storing and handling ammonium nitrate. NFPA developed the fact sheet following the August explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, that killed at least 200 people, injured thousands, and left approximately 300,000 homeless. cause systemic acidosis and methemoglobinemia. Ammonium nitrate ACS reagent, ≥98% CAS Number 6484-52-2. Is Ammonium Nitrate flammable or explosive? Despite safety concerns, ammonium nitrate remains an important fertilizer worldwide as it is effective, cheap and easy to manufacture. Destabilization, however, can occur when flames or fire heats the ammonium nitrate causing it to become self-reactive and give off gases that are flammable and can ignite. 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